The concepts discussed in this article are based on my previous article titled “Déjà vu- The Illusion of Space and Time”. If you have not read the article, please follow the link: https://goo.gl/KYtho6
Einstein told us that time is an illusion. He said that the distinction between past, present and future does not really exist. In his theory of relativity, he described that time is relative to the observer. There are millions of observers because of which past, present and futures are not universally the same. These three overlap and yet are interconnected in the space-time continuum. Relativity of time can explain many phenomena such as time travel, déjà vu, premonition etc. where the observer experiences the future before he experiences the present.
Similarly, past can also be experienced in the present. It all depends on the observer’s frame of reference. This is often experienced in the field of astronomy. It takes many light years for the light image of stars to reach the earth. This means that the stars we observe in the sky are not actually how they appear in the present. We see them as how they were many light years ago. Thus, we are experiencing past in the present. Though the light image of a star is a few days old, that image is still in the future for us until it reaches our present frame of reference. The past can be the future and can overlap in many cases which create a circle of time.
Theories of relativity and quantum mechanics have shown us that our observation of time does not depend on frame of reference alone. It also depends on gravity, acceleration, consciousness, emotions etc. Time speeds up when we are experiencing pleasure and slows down when we are experiencing pain. When there is a contraction of space-time, it takes less time for the future to arrive.
“Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute, and it seems like an hour. Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute. THAT’S relativity.” -Einstein
Einstein has described theory of relativity in the simplest of terms in the quote above. When time is accelerated, the space-time shrinks. This concept has led to a thought experiment based on special relativity known as the “Twin Paradox”.
Einstein described this concept as given below.
“If we placed a living organism in a box ... one could arrange that the organism, after any arbitrary lengthy flight, could be returned to its original spot in a scarcely altered condition, while corresponding organisms which had remained in their original positions had already long since given way to new generations. For the moving organism, the lengthy time of the journey was a mere instant, provided the motion took place with approximately the speed of light.”
To explain this, let us consider two twins, one of which is a time traveler and the other resides on earth. When the time traveler twin leaves the earth and accelerates towards light-speed, the twin will arrive in the future faster than the twin residing on earth. Also, the time traveling twin would be younger than the other twin as the former twin experienced time slower. As like the time traveling twin arrived in the future faster, the twin will know the events happening in the current time which will be unknown to the other twin as these events would be scheduled for the future. This explanation of the time traveling twin experiencing future quickly provides explanation for phenomena such as premonitions and déjà vu.
The above explanation has been proven by experiments with non-living, ultra-short lived particles which travel at near light-speeds. Consider the following example given by Rhawn Gabriel Joseph in his article “The Time Machine of Consciousness”. The muon particle is given a new lease on life when accelerated to a velocity of 99.92% light speed and its life span is nearly 25 times longer. The muon particle not only lives longer but travels 25 times further thanks to its expanded life span. Particles, including phi mesons, which have been accelerated to velocities of 99.9% light speed also achieve significant life span extensions with a γ factor of around 5,000. Presumably particles live longer because they have arrived in the future more quickly vs their counterparts traveling at their normal, slower speeds. Therefore, it could be predicted that a time traveler who journeys at near light speeds should also live longer compared to friends and relatives left back on Earth; and this is because the contraction of time space enabled them to reach the future before those back on Earth. Premonitions and deja vu, work on the same principles.
According to relativity and quantum physics, future exists before it is experienced. But there are theories that explain how time in entangled in the quantum continuum. This means that future is not “fixed” but can be changed until it reaches the observer.
Rhawn Gabriel Joseph states that “As a “future” flows toward Earth it can also be effected by whatever it encounters on the way to the consciousness of “now,” relative to an observer on Earth--exactly as befalls light. All futures are also entangled with space-time, the quantum continuum, and subject to the Uncertainty Principle. Therefore, future time may be continually altered until perhaps just moments before these futures are experienced by observers who are also entangled with what they experience. Hence, although one may anticipate and predict the future, just like they may predict the weather, the ability to accurately anticipate and predict the future, like predicting future weather, may increase the closer that future is to the present. Planning skills, goal formation, strategy, long term investments, concern for consequences, and even the most basic of calendars, all rest upon the ability to make predictions about the future.
The future is like the weather, with the ability to forecast the weather decreasing in accuracy as time and distance from the present increases. In other words, and because of entanglement and classic concepts governing “cause and effect”, the future is not already determined but is in flux and subject to continual alteration. The act of observing and other forces related to cause and affect alter the quantum continuum and continually change the future as it approaches. The future may not become fixed until the moment it is perceived by an observer relative to that observer, at which point it is in the present. Hence, predictions about the future will seldom be completely accurate, and become less accurate regarding increasingly distant events in the future, but more accurate but not completely accurate regarding events in the immediate future; a consequence of entanglement and the Uncertainty Principle”.
Quantum entanglement can explain phenomena such as precognition and premonition. Precognition is a form of conscious cognitive awareness which involves the acquisition of future knowledge just prior to its occurrence. Premonitions are a form of presentiment or an emotional feeling that something may happen in the near future, but without conscious knowledge of exactly what it is that is going to happen. In quantum entanglement experiments with photons, it has been demonstrated that decisions which are to be made in the future affect the measurement of photons in the present. This same principle is applicable to precognition where the future information gets entangled with consciousness before it happens in the present. As future exists even though we have not experienced it yet, some people have the ability to tap into the future due to entanglement. This is possible because future already exists and time is a circle.
Kurt Gödel, a well-known mathematician and philosopher in the 1940s. He studied Einstein’s field equations and discovered that a particle traveling through space would circle from the present to the future and then continue to circle around and meet itself in the past; and from the past that particle would circle round and meet itself in the future and from the future it would again travel round and meet itself in the past; an infinitely repeating pattern. He explained that since space-time is curved, the future and past may also be curved which continues in an endless loop. He said that “By making a round trip on a rocket ship in a sufficiently wide curve, it is possible in these worlds to travel into any region of the past, present, and future and back again.” This shows us again that time is a circle.
We learnt in our high school physics that light has both wave-like and particle-like properties. Let us use this concept to delve deeper. All systems in existence can be described with both wave-like and particle-like properties. Thus, all systems have a wave function. The wave function is the particle spread out over space and describes all the various possible states of the particle. Reality is a nothing but a manifestation of wave functions. The probability of finding a particle in time/space is determined by its wave function. This probability depends on the fundamental equation of quantum mechanics knows as the Schrodinger equation.
Since wave function describes all possible states of any particle or objects no matter how small or large they may be, there are infinite futures, presents, pasts, with different probabilities of occurrence. This is called the “Many Worlds” interpretation of quantum mechanics. Similarly, the universe can also be considered as a whole for this explanation. Since our universe has a wave function, this function describes all the possible states of the universe which means that there are multiple universes existing simultaneously as probabilities.
Every day, physicists conduct hundreds of experiments in quantum physics which take us closer towards understanding nature of reality. With every experiment, we are one step closer towards understanding the real purpose of existence.
This is what Heisenberg meant when he said,
“The first gulp from the glass of natural sciences will turn you into an atheist, but at the bottom of the glass God is waiting for you”.
1. Einstein, A. (1915b). On the General Theory of Relativity, Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Sitzungsberichte, 1915 (part 2), 778–786, 799–801.
2. Joseph, R. (2014a) Paradoxes of Time Travel: The Uncertainty Principle, Wave Function, Probability, Entanglement, and Multiple Worlds, Cosmology, 18, 282-302.
3. Joseph, R. (2014a) The Time Machine of Consciousness, Cosmology, 18, In press.
Let's Bring Light Into Darkness!